Jesus Christ taught the Old Covenant when He was here on earth.
When He was here on earth as the “Son of God” — which just means that God, who dwells in unapproachable light, reduced Himself and put on human flesh . . .
“The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” John 1:14
. . . Okay, sorry, for the digression . . .
All right, when He was here on earth, Jesus the Son of God, taught the Old Covenant. The Old Covenant is the ‘contract’ He entered into with the nation of Israel consisting of 613 commandments which they were to obey perfectly. Jesus Christ taught and explained this covenant to its fullest degree. Why?
Because the New Covenant did not go into effect until after He died.
“In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it, because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living. This is why even the first covenant was not put into effect without blood.” Hebrews 9:16-18
So, we can see from Hebrews 9:16-18 that the New Covenant did not go into effect until after His death and resurrection.
Therefore, while He was living His 33 years as a human on this earth, the Old Covenant was still in effect, and THAT is the covenant that He taught. His ‘Sermon on the Mount’ (recorded in Matthew 5, 6, 7) is the epitome of His teaching; kind of like His Mission Statement. Check it out if you haven’t read it recently.
In His Sermon on the Mount He told the crowd gathered around Him that if they wanted to be judged according to their works, their deeds, according to a system of good and evil, a system of right and wrong, then they would have to be PERFECT.
“Be perfect, therefore, as your Heavenly Father is perfect.” Matthew 5:48
Jesus taught this way in order to finally — once and for all — end the argument that began in the Garden of Eden. God said that He created mankind to live according to the Law of Life; Satan countered that mankind would be better off living according to the Law of Good versus Evil. (Genesis 2 and 3)
2,500 years later, roughly, God gave the Law to Moses, and the nation of Israel willingly and whole-heartedly entered into this covenant with God.
And then, 1,500 years after the ratification of the Old Covenant, Jesus Christ came to earth to fulfill the Law — to meet the demands of the Law. He did this as an act of mercy since there was no way that we could possibly meet the demands ourselves.
When you read Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, you are reading the final and full explanation of the Law of Moses. It’s not just, “Hey, let’s read these books to learn more about Jesus.” But instead, “Hey, let’s seek and embrace and grasp the complete magnification of the Law, of the Old Covenant.”
There is so much confusion in the Christian world. There are so many contradictions being espoused. There is barely any clarity. It doesn’t make sense to people.
Understanding that Jesus taught the Old Covenant is crucial to making sense of your Christian life. The New Testament begins with the Book of Acts, not Matthew.
By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear. Hebrews 8:13
For more on this topic, please listen to this excellent series in the Sermon on the Mount produced by Living God Ministries . . .
And have a good day living in the New Covenant.